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2014年自考“英语(二)”模拟试题(2)(含答案)

2014-06-15 13:01:56  来源:北京自考热线
第一部分:阅读判断(第1~10题。每题1分,共10分)下面的短文后列出了10个句子。请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该旬提供的是正确信息。选择A;如果该句提供的是错谟信息,选择B;如果该旬的信息文中没有提及。选择C。 

回答1-10题 
Dreams 
  Dreams do not happen when you’re asleep. They happen when ou’re awake. 
  Whatever your goals are, always remember you can make it rue. Whether it be love, money, a childhood dream, and ultimately appiness he most important idea is that you must never lose sight f your dream. 
  Create reminders. Think about your original motivation often. esides obvious factors that will come along when your dream is realzed hink about other reasons. Who are you doing this dream for? emind yourself often of your plan. Physical symbols always help-- osting up pictures of the end result, buying items that symbolize our goals. 
  Express your dream frequently. Whisper your dream through oonlight Shout it on a busy highway. Write it on a balloon and set it ree. Write it on paper boats and float them in the ocean. Write it as a essage on a bottle and float that into the ocean. Explore and try dif- erent ways of different cultures of making wishes come true, small or ig;paper cranes, and shooting stars. Tell your pet if you have one. ell it to all the people you care about in your life. 
  Create deadlines and punishments. For every step along the way hink of a realistic deadline. If too small, eventually you will be rashed with all the work you need and possibly never do it. If too arge you will probably forget about it. Punishments are necessary. hey can be keeping yourself away from your favorite activities. Get a riend or family member to enforce this punishment. 
  Keep your life. Do not forget about friends, family, work, and esecially yourself! Keep contact with friends and family ver the inernet isit them rite to them. Try not start skipping work to work n your dream. Keep your brain body and soul in good shape at all imes. Sleep often, read often, and enjoy life. 
  Brainstorm ideas for your dream. Mind mapping(essentially creative concept mapping)is the ideal way to brainstorm. Any creativeoutlet will do just fine to find some creative ideas for your dream specially writing or drawing Any sort of art, even singing, playing music hotography ood-carving can work. Buy a journal or two. Find inspiration. 
Dreams happen when we’re asleeld. ( B ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

As long as you can see your dream you can make it come true.( B ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

We can ask somebody to remind us of our dreams. ( C ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Gives 

We can tell our dreams to anyone we like to show off.(B ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

Punishments like paying a fixed amount of money are helpful. ( C ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

A friend or family member can help to enforce the punishment. ( A ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

In order to make your dream come true, you have to forget about friends, family, work, and especially yourself. ( B ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

Keeping your dream alive means having no time to enjoy life. ( B ) 
A.Frue 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

Mined mapping is the most ideal way to brainstorm. ( C ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 
10 
A journal can arouse your inspiration. ( A ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given
第二部分:阅读选择(第11~15趣,每题2分。共10分)阅读下面短文.请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出1个最佳选顼。 
11 
回答11-15题 
Keep Your Dream 
  Do you have a dream somethingthat you’ve always seen yourself doing? Perhaps you see yoursetf as an actor,business owner, or even a CEO. Whatever dream God has given you,don’t let itdie. 
  A dream is a wonderful thing. It can give you hope for your future andencourage you to try when all odds are against you. But be- are,there are dreamkilkers that want to snuff the life out of your ream. Don’t let them do it ! 
  People who can’t or don’t want to see your dream fulfilled can ill yourdream. They may tell you that it is impossible for you, that ou are not smartenough or that it’s never been done before. However, many times the biggestdream killer is you. 
  Don’t let fear, threat, doubt, lack of finances, etc. tell you that oucan’t fulfill your dream. Talk back to these killers. Tell them,"I an andwill fulfill my destiny my dream." You may have to do this very day,butthat’s ok. The more you instill within your heart that ou can do it, your dreamwill be held safe within you. 
  It is very important to take steps towards fulfilling your dream. or me,in order to fulfill my dream of one-day owmng my own magaine, I needed to goback to school and finish my college degree. For ou,it.my be somethingdifferent. You know deep inside what the oice of your dream ealls for. Don’t beafraid just do it. Try not to let to much time go by. Time is another one ofthose dream killers. 
  Meditate on the words of a song by Yolanda Adams "Keep the reamalive, don’t let it die, it’s something deep inside, keeps inspiring e to try,don’t stop and never give up, don’t ever give up on you. ometimes,life canplace a stumbling block in your way, but you’ve got to keep the faith. " 
When you dream,dream BIG,and never give up. There’s no law that says youhave to dream small. Your dream is just that, yours.Never let anyone tell youthat your dream can’t happen,it can[ Nurture your dream. Keep seeing yourselfdo what’s never been done before. As you continue to feed your dream andprotect it,not only will you keep it alive,but it has no other choice but tocome forth! 
Which of the following statement aboutdream is INCO~?(A ) 
A.Dream is what happens while we’reasleep. 
B.Dreams should be kept alive. 
C.Dreams should be protected fromdream-killers. 
D.Dreams are wonderful. 
12 
In the sentence "...when all odds areagainst you. "(Para. 2), the word "odds" means (C )
A.laws 
B.steps 
C.chances 
D.killers 
13 
can kill your dream. (D ) 
A.People who can’t or don’t want to seeyour dream fulfilled 
B.Time 
C.Fear, threat, doubt, lack of finances,etc. 
D.All of the above 
14 
Yolanda Adams is mentioned to showthat (B ) 
A.when we dream,we dream big 
B.we should have self-confidence to keepour dream alive 
C.time is another one of those dreamkillers 
D.dream is important to all of us 
15 
In the last paragraph,"dream BIG"means (D ) 
A.doing whatever you like regardless oflaws 
B.dreaming of becoming a CEO 
C.making your dream come true 
D.doing what’s never been done before
第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16~25题,每题1分,共10分)阅读下面短文。请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第16~20题后所给的6个选项中为第①~⑤段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项。分别完成每个句子。 
16 
回答16-25题 
Transportation Infrastructure 
  __①__ As has been demonstrated repeatedly, a transportation infrastructure based around individuals in automobiles contributes to global warming, pollution, health problems and energy insecurity. Conversely,the idea behind a green transportation infrastructure is one that provides opportunities for people to get around their communities using their own power--such as walking or biking--or by other more environmentally sensitive means, like trains or buses. Sometimes, the best definition of a concept can be found by describing what it is not. 
  All one has to do to get across the idea is to highlight the experience virtually all of us have shared at some point in our life(and for millions of Americans it can be literally an everyday experience) : sitting in our motionless cars on a jam-packed highway as the vehicles spew emissions and pollution into the air. Even in cases when it’s difficult or impossible to remove the car from the picture entirely, there are ways to green our transportation infrastructure and improve our health and quality of life. Therefore, we have to find out some ways to improve what’s already in place. 
  __②__ A lot of city dwellers hold that they prefer to drive cars to work.Sure, there are plenty of reasons keeping them in the cars. Convenience is obviously one, but having to wait at a bus stop and then sit or stand on a crowded bus while cars go by is definitely another big trouble. But cities around the world are doing their best to employ the environmental benefits of bus ridership by making them more attractire to ride.0ne major way is by creating laries dedicated to buses so that they can zoom past cars and trucks on roadways. 
  __③__ Fun is j ust one of the many benefits to cities and towns that commit to making biking easy and safe.“Cleaner,healthier,quieter and safer neighborhoods”,are the results of making bikeways and 1anes a priority,says Zehner,who argues that even though American cities are more spread out than those in Europe,they are still great candidates for bikes.If Americans can embrace the concept it will make us more like the rest of the world;indeed。Zehner says the bike is the predominant mode of transport globally,with around 2 billion people using them. 
  __④__ When it was originally built in l889,the Poughkeepsie-Highland Railroad Bridge in Poughkeepsie,N.Y.,was all about commerce and transportation,allowing people and goods to flow easily over the Hudson River.For years,the bridge sat unused after a fire nearly destroyed it in 1974 untiI a group called Walkway over the Hudson hegan its efforts to transform the bridge into a place for the public to enjoy.The group was finally successful in its efforts when the Walk way over the Hudson State Park opened in 2009--making it the iongest pedestrian bridge in the world,which has since attracted more than l million visitors.Pedestrian bridges provide opportunities for alternative,environmentally friendly transportation modes such as biking and walking. 
  __⑤__ Giving people the opportunity and encouragement to get out and walk sometimes takes a little creativity,especially in hyper-urban areas like New York City.In the city’s old Meatpacking District,a group of committed citizens have transformed what was once a piece of what would now be called green irfrastructure--an elevated railway line and transformed it into a nearly 1.5-mile walkway and park on the west side of Manhattan called the High Line.What was a transportation route for meat and other agricultural goods heading into factories and warehouses from 1934 to 1980 is now a popular park with areas for public art and urban gardens. 
Paragraph①__C____ 
A.A little creativity is required to encourage people to walk. 
B.People can use more electric vehicles instead of cars. 
C.The green transportation encourages people to use human power or other environmentally friendly means. 
D.Biking will do great good to the environment. 
E.Bus lanes should be made to attract more bus riders. 
F.Pedestrian bridges function as alternatives to biking and walking. 
17 
Paragraph②__E____ 
A.A little creativity is required to encourage people to walk. 
B.People can use more electric vehicles instead of cars. 
C.The green transportation encourages people to use human power or other environmentally friendly means. 
D.Biking will do great good to the environment. 
E.Bus lanes should be made to attract more bus riders. 
F.Pedestrian bridges function as alternatives to biking and walking. 
18 
Paragraph③_D_____ 
A.A little creativity is required to encourage people to walk. 
B.People can use more electric vehicles instead of cars. 
C.The green transportation encourages people to use human power or other environmentally friendly means. 
D.Biking will do great good to the environment. 
E.Bus lanes should be made to attract more bus riders. 
F.Pedestrian bridges function as alternatives to biking and walking. 
19 
Paragraph④__F____ 
A.A little creativity is required to encourage people to walk. 
B.People can use more electric vehicles instead of cars. 
C.The green transportation encourages people to use human power or other environmentally friendly means. 
D.Biking will do great good to the environment. 
E.Bus lanes should be made to attract more bus riders. 
F.Pedestrian bridges function as alternatives to biking and walking. 
20 
Paragraph⑤___A___ 
A.A little creativity is required to encourage people to walk. 
B.People can use more electric vehicles instead of cars. 
C.The green transportation encourages people to use human power or other environmentally friendly means. 
D.Biking will do great good to the environment. 
E.Bus lanes should be made to attract more bus riders. 
F.Pedestrian bridges function as alternatives to biking and walking. 
21 
A transportation infrastructure will lcad to__B____. 
A.what’s already in place 
B.global warming,pollution,health problems and energy inse 
C.a little ativity 
D.cleaner,healthier,quieter and safer neighborhoods 
E.by other more environmentally sensitive means 
F.the government’s great support 
22 
With the green transportation,people to get around their communities using their own power or__E____ . 
A.what’s already in place 
B.global warming,pollution,health problems and energy inse 
C.a little ativity 
D.cleaner,healthier,quieter and safer neighborhoods 
E.by other more environmentally sensitive means 
F.the government’s great support 
23 
Difficult or impossible as it is to remove the car entirelv we haveto find ways to improve___A___ . 
A.what’s already in place 
B.global warming,pollution,health problems and energy inse 
C.a little ativity 
D.cleaner,healthier,quieter and safer neighborhoods 
E.by other more environmentally sensitive means 
F.the government’s great support 
24 
The results of making bikeways and lanes a priority are_D_____ . 
A.what’s already in place 
B.global warming,pollution,health problems and energy inse 
C.a little ativity 
D.cleaner,healthier,quieter and safer neighborhoods 
E.by other more environmentally sensitive means 
F.the government’s great support 
25 
Sometimes can give people the opportunity and encouragement to get out and walk._C_____
A.what’s already in place 
B.global warming,pollution,health problems and energy inse 
C.a little ativity 
D.cleaner,healthier,quieter and safer neighborhoods 
E.by other more environmentally sensitive means 
F.the government’s great support
第四部分:填句补文(第26~30题。每题2分。共10分)下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文。请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置。 
26 
回答26-30题 
Self-Esteem and Body Image 
  Healthy Self-Esteem 
  __26__ This healthy attitude allows you to explore other aspects of growing up, such as developing good friendships,growing more in- dependent from your parents, and challenging yourself physically and mentally. __27__ 
  A positive, optimistic attitude can help people develop strong self-esteem. For example, saying, " Hey, I’m human" instead of "Wow,I’m such a loser" when you’ve made a mistake,or not blaming others when things don’t go as expected. 
Knowing what makes you happy and how to meet your goals can help you feel capable strong and in control of your life. __28__ Tips for Improving Your Body Image Some people think they need to change how they look or act to feel good about themselves. __29__ 
  The first thing to do is recognize that your body is your own no matter what shape, size, or color it comes in. If you’re very worried about your weight or size, check with your doctor to verify that things are OK. But it’s no one’s business but your own what your body is like. Ultimately you have to be happy with yourself. 
  __30__ Everyone (even the most perfect-seeming celeb)has things about themselves that they can’t change and need to accept, like their height ,for example, or their shoe size. 
请在第__26_E_处填上正确答案。 
A.A positive attitude and a healthy lifestyle (such as exercising and eating right)are a great combination for building good self-esteem. 
B.Developing these parts of yourself can help boost your selfesteem. 
C.Meeting a challenge you set for yourself is a great way to boost self-esteem ! 
D.Next identify which aspects of your appearance you can realistically change and which you can’t. 
E.If you have a positive body image, you probably like and accept yourself the way you are. 
F.But actually all you need to do is change the way you see your body and how you think about yourself. 
27 
请在第__27_B_处填上正确答案。 
A.A positive attitude and a healthy lifestyle (such as exercising and eating right)are a great combination for building good self-esteem. 
B.Developing these parts of yourself can help boost your selfesteem. 
C.Meeting a challenge you set for yourself is a great way to boost self-esteem ! 
D.Next identify which aspects of your appearance you can realistically change and which you can’t. 
E.If you have a positive body image, you probably like and accept yourself the way you are. 
F.But actually all you need to do is change the way you see your body and how you think about yourself. 
28 
请在第__28_A_处填上正确答案。 
A.A positive attitude and a healthy lifestyle (such as exercising and eating right)are a great combination for building good self-esteem. 
B.Developing these parts of yourself can help boost your selfesteem. 
C.Meeting a challenge you set for yourself is a great way to boost self-esteem ! 
D.Next identify which aspects of your appearance you can realistically change and which you can’t. 
E.If you have a positive body image, you probably like and accept yourself the way you are. 
F.But actually all you need to do is change the way you see your body and how you think about yourself. 
29 
请在第__29_F_处填上正确答案。 
A.A positive attitude and a healthy lifestyle (such as exercising and eating right)are a great combination for building good self-esteem. 
B.Developing these parts of yourself can help boost your selfesteem. 
C.Meeting a challenge you set for yourself is a great way to boost self-esteem ! 
D.Next identify which aspects of your appearance you can realistically change and which you can’t. 
E.If you have a positive body image, you probably like and accept yourself the way you are. 
F.But actually all you need to do is change the way you see your body and how you think about yourself. 
30 
请在第__30_D_处填上正确答案。 
A.A positive attitude and a healthy lifestyle (such as exercising and eating right)are a great combination for building good self-esteem. 
B.Developing these parts of yourself can help boost your selfesteem. 
C.Meeting a challenge you set for yourself is a great way to boost self-esteem ! 
D.Next identify which aspects of your appearance you can realistically change and which you can’t. 
E.If you have a positive body image, you probably like and accept yourself the way you are. 
F.But actually all you need to do is change the way you see your body and how you think about yourself.
第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题,每题1.5分,共15分)下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词。其中10个取自短文。请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置。以恢复文章原貌。 
31 
回答31-40题 
Dreams for Better 
  We all have plans and dreams for a better more __31__ life. Yet only a small percentage of people actually achieve their __32__ . A good question is: why? 
  Recently I was working with a young man who was __33__ to get on his feet. He had written out his goals, and he had powerful rea sons why he wanted to achieve these goals. But after weeks of trying he was still not much further along. 
So we took some time to try to understand what was holding him __34__ . As we examined his average day it became apparent to me was much too __35__ . He was spending lots of time doing lots of different things. I __36__ that most of what he was doing was not very important in the greater scheme of things. 
  We did some exercises to __37__ which activities were important which ones were urgent and which ones were filling(or killing) time. As it turned out, most of the things he was doing throughout the day were filling time. He wasn’t comfortable __38__ he was very busy so he created things that needed to be done He was always working on something--yet at the end of the day, he had rarely accomplished any tasks to move him closer to the life he wanted. 
  This behavior is fairly easy for an outside observer to spot but extremely difficult to self-diagnose. The __39__ is to slow down and get comfortable with being still, with contempl’ating what we really want and whether our actions are suitable for our goals. Many of our activities are avoidance activities: we do things to fill up the time and thus avoid having to do more difficult tasks. It wasn’t easy, but once the young man finally accepted that he needed to do less overall but more of the important things his life took a dramatic __40__ for the better. 
请在第__31_C_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling 
32 
请在第__32_I_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling 
33 
请在第__33_L_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling 
34 
请在第__34_E_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling 
35 
请在第__35_D_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling 
36 
请在第__36_K_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling 
37 
请在第__37_A_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling 
38 
请在第__38_F_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling 
39 
请在第__39_B_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling 
40 
请在第__40_H_处填上正确答案。 
A.identify 
B.solution 
C.fulfilling 
D.busy 
E.back 
F.unless 
G.prevent 
H.turn 
I.dreams 
J.believe 
K.suspected 
L.struggling
第六部分:完形补文(第41~50题。每题1.5分,共15分)下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式埴入文中。以恢复文章原貌。 
41 
回答41-50题 
Yoga 
  The most important thing in yoga is the inner voice. The inner voice is the voice of your own truth and __41__ (wise). It is your feeling of rightness. You combine your intend your feeling. Then you will find the way to __42__ (your). Follow your own wisdom. Find your personal meditation practice. 
What do you want from meditation? __43__ (happy), healing enlightenment? Inform yourself. Read medibooks visit meditation groups, look for the right meditation __44__ (teach) for you. Then learn meditation. Find out what is the best way for you to practice. And practice every day. 
Always be in good contact with your body and your soul. Feel what they want and need. And give it to them. Follow the five __45__ (feature) : truth, peace, love, self-discipline and happiness. Then you will find your way into the light. Feel the light of God, the energy of peace and love within you. Be happy and be good. That is the essence of yoga philosophy. 
  If you want to heal an __46__ (ill) ,it might be good to go to a health or wellness professional. Yoga is a way to relax and to __47__ (awake)inner happiness. You can heal some diseases with yoga meditation but you must be __48__ (care)and listen to your inner voice. Many people feel it is best to follow the advice of the doctors and any relevant __49__(medicine) books. Keep in mind, however, that medical education is prima-rily geared to disease __50__ (treat) not wellness. 
请在第__41_wisdom_处填上正确答案。 
42 
请在第__42_yourself_处填上正确答案。 
43 
请在第__43_Happiness_处填上正确答案。 
44 
请在第__44_teacher_处填上正确答案。 
45 
请在第__45_features_处填上正确答案。 
46 
请在第__46_illness_处填上正确答案。 
47 
请在第__47_awaken_处填上正确答案。 
48 
请在第__48_careful_处填上正确答案。 
49 
请在第__49_medical_处填上正确答案。 
50 
请在第__50_treatment_处填上正确答案。
第七部分:短文写作(第51题。30分) 
51 
请根据下列材料写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 
Nowadays, there appears a phenomenon that the western customs are spreading into the east countries step by step, thus making many inhabitants who live in big cities enjoy themselves on these western festivals such as Christmas Day, April Fool’s Day, etc. What is your opinion?