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2014年自考“英语(二)”模拟试题(1)(含答案)

2014-06-15 13:00:20  来源:北京自考热线
第一部分:阅读判断(第1~10题。每题1分,共10分)下面的短文后列出了10个句子。请根据短文的内容列每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息。选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息。选择B;如果该旬的信息文中没有提及。选择C。 

回答1-10题 
React to Difficulties 
  In life you will constantly be facing challenges, times when it’s tough to feel confident about what will happen in the future. Times like these will have different degrees of intensity and duration. The greater the degree and the longer the duration, the greater the fear and sense of uncertainty will be. 
  As many of you know, the economy seems to be in a downward spiral right now. Today alone, trillions of dollars are being wiped out in a matter of days. People’s retirement funds are being cut in double digit percentages. Many are facing job losses in a time when they need income the most. In times like these,it’s a real challenge to have any optimism and confidence that things are going to be better in the near future.
  I read an article where a financial expert stated if he went all in with his money today, he’ll be better off six months from today since markets will always rebound, but added he will have many restless nights and will be constantly wondering "what if this time it’s different?" 
  It’s sometimes difficult to stay positive and motivated to work on your goals especially when all around you there are people so pessimistic about, well, everything in general. People are cutting back on everything. Conversations around the dinner table and water cooler are increasingly about the state of the economy. 
  Ok, enough negative talk. If you notice, you have some people reacting negatively while others are acting positively. Here’s what makes the difference. You get what you focus on. You can either think about how bad you have it and feel like a victim,or you can use these challenges as a reason to step up and grow from them. 
  Yes, things look like economy will get worse. The reality, however, really depends on how you look at it and react to this situation. 
  Like any challenge in life it’s not what actually happens that will determine the outcome it’s what you decide to do about it. 
In life people are always troubled with challenges.( A ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

The fear and sense of uncertainty will be independent of the degree and the duration of difficult times. ( B ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

Because of the current economic situations, trillions of dollars are being wiped out in a few days. ( A ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

People’s retirement funds are being cut in 20%. ( C ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

During the economic recession, it’s hard for people to have confidence in the future. ( A ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

People are reducing their expenses to save money.( A ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Giveia 

People’s views about the future vary from person to persorn ( A ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

Difficulties are bound to make people become victims. (B  ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 

The writer mainly talks about the national economy. ( B ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given 
10 
The key to dealing with challenges lies in your attitudes towardswhat has happened. ( A ) 
A.True 
B.False 
C.Not Given
第二部分:阅读选择(第11~15题,每题2分。共10分)阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出1个最佳选项。 
11 
回答11-15题 
Walking 
  I live about a half-mile from two gas stations, two miles from Walmart and less than two miles from the mall. These businesses are well within walking distance, but I don’t walk to any of them—I drive. This may seem surprising, but many Americans practice the same habit. 
According to the 2010 "National Bicycle and Walking Study" by the U. S. Department of Transportation, 72 percent of trips that are less than three miles in length are made by vehicle. Short distances can be easily traversed by foot rather than by car but only a quarter of Americans are choosing walking or biking as their means of transportation.
  A December 2012 study by Gregg L. Furie published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, says that about 25 percent of Americans participate in active transportation. Active transportation is defined as human-powered transportation, such as walking or biking. The results of the study showed that those who participated in active transportation had a lower BMI lower waist circumference, and lower odds of developing hypertension and diabetes. 
  The "Vital Signs Walking Among Adults" study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention encourages adults to get at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity. However, about half of all adults do not get the recommended amount of exercise, and about one-third reported no physical activity at all The study also showed that walkers were three times more likely to meet the recommended amount of exercise than non-walkers. 
  In addition to the health benefits associated with active transportation, there are many less obvious benefits as well. The American Automobile Association’s(AAA) annual "Your Driving Costs" study for 2012 revealed that the average annual cost for owning and operating a sedan is $ 8,946. Compared with essentially cost-free foot travel or the $120 annual cost of owning a bicycle, choosing active trans portation saves you money. 
  Walking is an easily accessible activity that can be done anywhere anytime with anyone. By implementing walking as a primary form of commuting, people can increase their health and decrease their spending.   Participating in human-powered transportation also removes some of the stresses of driving from people’s lives. By walking, people can avoid traffic congestion, stop signs, and road rage. Realistically, walking to work could not only be more beneficial, but also more practical than driving. 
  So, put down the car keys, lace up your walking shoes and prepare yourself for a commute that few choose to experience--walking. 
From the first paragraph we can know that( B ) 
A.the writer is too lazy to walk to work 
B.American people prefer driving to walking in spite of the short distance 
C.the writer is very lucky to live not far away from gas stations and shopping malls 
D.it is very convenient for the writer to go shopping 
12 
From the 2010 "National icycle and Walking Study" we can see that. ( C ) 
A.72% of people prefer to drive cars 
B.few people like to travel long distances by cars 
C.75 % of people choose driving cars as their means of transportation 
D.most people prefer to travel short distances on foot 
13 
It’s reported that adults don’t do exercises at all. ( D ) 
A.half 
B.one quarter 
C.two-thirds 
D.one-third 
14 
Active transportation not only has health benefits, but also (A  ) 
A.save money 
B.lower waist circumference 
C.reduces the risks of diabetes 
D.save time 
15 
Walking does great good to people like( D ) 
A.removing stresses 
B.avoiding traffic jams 
C.increasing health and decreasing costs 
D.All of the above 
第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16~25题。每题1分。共10分)阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第16~20题后所给的6个选项中为第①~⑤段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项。分别完成每个句子。 
16 
回答16-25题 
lnternet 
  _____①_____The internet is a wonderful thing it connects you with a world of people you might not ever have met in your entire lifetime. For businesses for services, for advertising, the net created a revolution for getting noticed. 
   _____②_____ There are also special interest sites where like-minded people can get together, virtual social clubs if you will. But like any place where people meet people, there are potential problems. Internet relation ships have become a by-product of the modern world of web-surfing all well and good for singles a new form of cheating for those who are married. 
  _____③_____ "I don’t really see it is cheating," posted one man on the site "it’s not physical. I’ll probably never meet the woman, but the erotic atmosphere adds a spice to my life. " It’s just harmless, flirting brought to another level. No one is getting hurt, "is another posting. 
  There can be no question about whether or not anyone is hurt. The knowledge that youi" husband or wife is writing romantic messages to another person diminishes the relationship you have together. 
  _____④_____ Marriage therapists are seeing more couples who have problems with virtual cheating than ever before. Melissa Martirano a therapist in the   New York area says that the couples she has seen where one spouse has used the internet as a means of cheating has tripled in the past two years, "It hurts to know that your husband or wife has an intimate relationship with another person, whether it is in person or on the interact. Emotional cheating destroys trust too. " 
  _____⑤_____ Any person Who thinks that virtual intimacy is innocent needs to reevaluate his ol her idea of marriage and decide what love and commitment really means to them. A relationship based on trust should extend to all areas even the internet. 
Paragraph①_____C__________ 
A.Internet relationships will surely influence the relationships of the couples. 
B.Even the Internet relationship should be based on trust. 
C.Internet is so wonderful that it connects with a lot of people. 
D.Special interest sites cause some problems. 
E.Internet Relationships should be encouraged among young people. 
F.Virtual or emotional cheating destroys mutual trust between husband and wife. 
17 
Paragraph②_____D__________ 
A.Internet relationships will surely influence the relationships of the couples. 
B.Even the Internet relationship should be based on trust. 
C.Internet is so wonderful that it connects with a lot of people. 
D.Special interest sites cause some problems. 
E.Internet Relationships should be encouraged among young people. 
F.Virtual or emotional cheating destroys mutual trust between husband and wife. 
18 
Paragraph③_______A________ 
A.Internet relationships will surely influence the relationships of the couples. 
B.Even the Internet relationship should be based on trust. 
C.Internet is so wonderful that it connects with a lot of people. 
D.Special interest sites cause some problems. 
E.Internet Relationships should be encouraged among young people. 
F.Virtual or emotional cheating destroys mutual trust between husband and wife. 
19 
Paragraph④_______F________ 
A.Internet relationships will surely influence the relationships of the couples. 
B.Even the Internet relationship should be based on trust. 
C.Internet is so wonderful that it connects with a lot of people. 
D.Special interest sites cause some problems. 
E.Internet Relationships should be encouraged among young people. 
F.Virtual or emotional cheating destroys mutual trust between husband and wife. 
20 
Paragraph⑤_____B__________ 
A.Internet relationships will surely influence the relationships of the couples. 
B.Even the Internet relationship should be based on trust. 
C.Internet is so wonderful that it connects with a lot of people. 
D.Special interest sites cause some problems. 
E.Internet Relationships should be encouraged among young people. 
F.Virtual or emotional cheating destroys mutual trust between husband and wife. 
21 
Internet connects people with a world of people you might not ever have met________E____________ 
A.like-minded people can get together 
B.divorce rate has been on the increase 
C.what love and commitment really means to them 
D.a by-product of the modern world of web-surfing 
E.in your entire lifetime 
F.virtual cheating than ever before 
22 
Virtual social clubs are the online places where_____A__________ 
A.like-minded people can get together 
B.divorce rate has been on the increase 
C.what love and commitment really means to them 
D.a by-product of the modern world of web-surfing 
E.in your entire lifetime 
F.virtual cheating than ever before 
23 
Internet relationships have become________D_______ 
A.like-minded people can get together 
B.divorce rate has been on the increase 
C.what love and commitment really means to them 
D.a by-product of the modern world of web-surfing 
E.in your entire lifetime 
F.virtual cheating than ever before 
24 
More couples are suffering from problems with ________F_______ 
A.like-minded people can get together 
B.divorce rate has been on the increase 
C.what love and commitment really means to them 
D.a by-product of the modern world of web-surfing 
E.in your entire lifetime 
F.virtual cheating than ever before 
25 
Any person who thinks that virtual intimacy is innocent needs to decide_____C__________ 
A.like-minded people can get together 
B.divorce rate has been on the increase 
C.what love and commitment really means to them 
D.a by-product of the modern world of web-surfing 
E.in your entire lifetime 
F.virtual cheating than ever before 
第四部分:填句补文(第26-30题。每题2分,其10分)下面的短文有5处空白。短文后有6个句子。其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置。以恢复文章原貌。 
26 
回答26-30题 
An Unwanted Baby Steve Jobs 
  At 30 Steve Jobs however, was fired from the company he cofounded with Steve Wozniak. He left the company after losing a bitter battle over control with Apple’s CEO John Sculley whom Jobs had recruited from Pepsi Cola. When Steve Jobs heard of the message he said ,"You’ve probably had somebody punch you in the stomach and it knocks the wind out of you and you cannot breathe. _____26_____ And you know than the only thing you can do is just relax so you can start breathing again. " 
  Steve Jobs sold ever $ 20 million of his Apple stock, spent days bicycling along the beach, feeling sad and lost, toured Paris,and journeyed on to Italy. Recalling this publicly heartbreaking episode, Jobs said "I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. _____27_____ It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life. 
_____28_____ NeXT didn’t do as well as Jobs had dreamed for but Pixar was a success story. Jobs became an instant billionaire. Meanwhile his old company Apple was under immense pressure from its rival Microsoft and in 1996 posted billions of dollars in losses. 
  In December 1996, Steve Jobs convinced Apple to buy NeXT and make its software the foundation of the next-generation Mac OS._____29_____ Initially appointed as Apple’s adviser, Steve Jobs was named Apple’s interim CEO in 1997. 
  He had made Apple healthy again and returned it to a place where it was contributing new and innovative technologies to the computer world. _____30_____ 
请在第_____26__B___处填上正确答案。 
A.The technology he developed at NeXT became the catalyst of Apple’s comeback. 
B.The harder you try to breathe the more you cannot breathe. 
C.During the next five years he started two companies—NeXT and Pixar. 
D.The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again less sure about everything. 
E.Steve Jobs is a man who has great courage and dares to take risks. 
F.Under his leadership, Apple returned to profitability and introduced innovations. 
27 
请在第_____27__D___处填上正确答案。 
A.The technology he developed at NeXT became the catalyst of Apple’s comeback. 
B.The harder you try to breathe the more you cannot breathe. 
C.During the next five years he started two companies—NeXT and Pixar. 
D.The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again less sure about everything. 
E.Steve Jobs is a man who has great courage and dares to take risks. 
F.Under his leadership, Apple returned to profitability and introduced innovations. 
28 
请在第_____28__C___处填上正确答案。 
A.The technology he developed at NeXT became the catalyst of Apple’s comeback. 
B.The harder you try to breathe the more you cannot breathe. 
C.During the next five years he started two companies—NeXT and Pixar. 
D.The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again less sure about everything. 
E.Steve Jobs is a man who has great courage and dares to take risks. 
F.Under his leadership, Apple returned to profitability and introduced innovations. 
29 
请在第_____29_A___处填上正确答案。 
A.The technology he developed at NeXT became the catalyst of Apple’s comeback. 
B.The harder you try to breathe the more you cannot breathe. 
C.During the next five years he started two companies—NeXT and Pixar. 
D.The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again less sure about everything. 
E.Steve Jobs is a man who has great courage and dares to take risks. 
F.Under his leadership, Apple returned to profitability and introduced innovations. 
30 
请在第_____30___F__处填上正确答案。 
A.The technology he developed at NeXT became the catalyst of Apple’s comeback. 
B.The harder you try to breathe the more you cannot breathe. 
C.During the next five years he started two companies—NeXT and Pixar. 
D.The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again less sure about everything. 
E.Steve Jobs is a man who has great courage and dares to take risks. 
F.Under his leadership, Apple returned to profitability and introduced innovations. 
第五部分:填词补文(第31--40题。每题1.5分.共15分)下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词。其中10个取自短文。请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置。以恢复文章原貌。 
31 
回答31-40题 
Ideal Job 
  In an ideal world we would all have the job of our _____31_____ . We would come into work so happy to be there, that we woke up early each morning in breathless anticipation for yet another day in the office. _____32_____ ,even if you have a job that you are satisfied with, _____33_____ are that a routine of any sort can cause substantial _____34_____ And often boredom can quickly become depression if you anything about it. It can seriously _____35_____ your sense of self-worth and your productivity as well. Here are a few ways to make your job more _____36_____ . Boredom often _____37_____ when we are using the same skills to do thesame work over over again. If you feel that a particular part of your skill set is not being employed ask your boss if you can do something _____38_____ . Most workers are too afraid to ask for different work. You’d be surprised by how accommodating most supervisors can be. After all, they want you do your best, and that means do something that interests you. Another thing that may sound _____39_____ is that it’s often very little things that can lead to chronic boredom in the workplace. For example, you’ve probably fallen into a very fixed way of going about your day. You may answer emails first thing in the morning, then you begin work on one task, advance on to another task of a specific category,and so forth and so on. Consider breakingup your duties into different chunks,and change things up every fewdays. This will bring a _____40_____ newness to the tedium of every day. 请在第_____31__E___处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
32 
请在第_____32__B___处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
33 
请在第_____33__L___处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
34 
请在第_____34__K___处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
35 
请在第_____35__A___处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
36 
请在第_____36__G___处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
37 
请在第_____37__D___处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
38 
请在第_____38___I__处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
39 
请在第_____39__C___处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
40 
请在第_____40__F___处填上正确答案。 
A.impact 
B.Unfortunately 
C.surprising 
D.Occurs 
E.dreams 
F.refreshing 
G.interesting 
H.confused 
I.different 
J.admit 
K.boredom 
L.chances 
第六部分:完形补文(第41~50题,每题1.5分,共15分)下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词。请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌。 
41 
回答41-50题 
Understand Yourself 
Life is actually like a journey. Sometimes it is pleasant with beautiful birds _____41_____ (sing) alongside while there are more times when the road on the iourney is tough enough to stop you from _____42_____ (keep)on going. Then what can you do to overcome the obsta fulfill your journey of life lightly? 
Try to find yourself on the journey of life. Admit that you are not good for everything but believe that you are good for something which is enough, because, as a matter of fact, nobody in the world can be good for everything. All that you need to do is to find out the something that you can do as _____43_____ (early) as possible. Take my daughter for an example. When she was a sophomore, she suddenly found the major she had been _____44_____(study)wasn’t her love so she began to turn to _____45_____ (interpre) she had always been crazy about. Through half a struggle, she passed the test and got the CII certificate. This brought her great sense of pride and pleasure and _____46_____ (confident) as well. Everybody in the world has his own strengths and _____47_____ (weak). Only when you have a deep _____48_____(understand) of yoursecan we discover our potential power and develop it to full _____49_____(long) instead of striving to reach _____50_____(possible) oals. 
请在第_____41_Singing____处填上正确答案。 
42 
请在第_____42_keeping____处填上正确答案。 
43 
请在第_____43_early____处填上正确答案。 
44 
请在第_____44_studying____处填上正确答案。 
45 
请在第_____45_interpreting____处填上正确答案。 
46 
请在第_____46_confidence____处填上正确答案。 
47 
请在第_____47_weaknesses____处填上正确答案。 
48 
请在第_____48_understanding____处填上正确答案。 
49 
请在第_____49_length____处填上正确答案。 
50 
请在第_____50_impossible___处填上正确答案。 
第七部分:短文写作(第51题。30分) 
51 
请根据下列材料写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 
目前,不少人在写作与交流时总喜欢使用网络语言,有人讲汉语时还夹杂着英文缩写字母。就此现象,进行了一次调查。请根据下表提示,客观地介绍讨论情况及发表你的观点。