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2014年4月全国自考“英语语法”试题

2014-06-21 08:30:38  来源:北京自考热线
一、单项选择题(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)
 Choose the best answer from the choices given and blacken the corresponding letter A, B, C
 or D on the ANSWER SHEET.

1. How many ______ are there in the word “monotonous”?
A. o                                                           B. oes
C. o’s                                                         D. os
2. Do you think there’s any possibility of arriving at the gym by ______ bus and still having the time to play ______ basketball together?
A./; /                                                          B. a; the
C. the; /                                                      D./; the
3. Today, Mary learned in ______ school how to behave well at ______ table.
A. the; /                                                      B./; /
C. the; the                                                   D./; the
4. Listen, Diana. I don’t care if you ______ the bus this morning. But you ______ late for too many times. You're fired.
A. have missed; came                                   B. would miss; have come
C. missed; have come                                   D. are missing; came
5. It so happened that Mary’s car ______when Jack went to borrow it.
A. repaired                                                 B. was being repaired
C. was repaired                                           D. had repaired
6. The president thought it essential that the university ______ general education as a foundation for students’ future development.
A. stresses                                                   B. stress
C. stressed                                                  D. would stress
7. ______ it not for water, this world would be a lifeless place.
A. Were                                                      B. If
C. Was                                                       D. Had
8. You ______ driven 70 miles an hour. Now tell me what we shall do with this speeding ticket?
A. needn’t have                                           B. couldn’t have
C. mustn’t have                                           D. shouldn’t have
9. He admitted ______ in love with the girl, but felt too shy to even meet her.
A. to fall                                                    B. fell
C. falling                                                    D. fallen
10. Did you see a middle-aged man with a scar on his face ______ the street just now?
A. crossed                                                   B. cross
C. crossing                                                  D. has crossed
11. Monica is not ______ chess player as we expected her to be.
A. so a successful                                        B. as a successful
C. such successful a                                     D. so successful a
12. Walk two blocks and turn right. You can see a ______ shop.
A. little gift nice                                          B. little nice gift
C. nice gift little                                          D. nice little gift
13. Don't worry. Your secret is safe ______ me.
A. with                                                       B. for
C. to                                                          D. of
14. The spaceship ______ astronauts landed on the moon surface is one of the most expensive items.
A. that                                                        B. which
C. in which                                                 D. through which
15. People across the world love to visit Paris, a city ______ one can appreciate wonderful works of art and fashions.
A. where                                                    B. to which
C. for which                                               D. of which
16. A person of integrity must be kind, public-spirited, and, ______, honest.
A. namely                                                   B. all in all
C. above all                                                D. for example
17. The merchandise on display in the shop window ______ not for sale.
A./                                                             B. is
C. are                                                         D. being
18. Every man and woman, rich or poor, ______ access to public facilities such as education, health care, public transportation and police service.
A. has                                                        B. have
C. having                                                    D. are having
19. Neither the Greens nor their neighbor ______ up with the frequent visits by the salesman. They even think about calling the police next time he comes.
A. has put                                                   B. puts
C. putting                                                   D. have put
20. The average wage-earner devotes a small percentage of his earnings to keeping ______ of achieving some magic change in his life.
A. alive dream the                                       B. alive the dream
C. the alive dream                                       D. dream the alive

二、填空题(本大题共28小题,共3 6分)
Section A:Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words given in the group.
 (共8小题,每小题2分,共16分)

21. am, was, were, would have stopped, stopped, will stop
I ________ in a hurry that day, otherwise I ________ to talk to you for a minute.
22. touch, touches, touching, attaches, attached, attaching
It is ________ to see how a cat or dog ________ itself to a family.
23. compels, compelled, is compelled, to do, doing, is doing
 A man can not be happy if he ________ by society to do what he does not enjoy ______.
24. whom, whom each, each of whom, somewhat, something, some
 I can see three different types of composers in musical history, ________ creates music in a ________ different fashion.
25. Which, What, That, is, was, were
________ I need most at this moment ________ a shower.
26. have, has, had, slip, to slip, slipping
 Time ________ a way of ________ through your fingers like quicksand.
27. mother, mother's, mothers ', know, have known, will know
If you put yourself in your ________ position, you ________ why she was so worried.
28. realized released, relieved commit, committed committing
 Once ________ from prison, he is likely to engage himself in the same business and ________ the same crime.
Section B: Fill in the blanks with the words given in brackets. Make changes or add something where necessary.
(共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)
29. All people need three ________ (certain) to feel healthy and positive about life.
30. Go out of your house and choose a subject matter ________ (photograph), and that can
 range from a still life to a moving object.
31. From my point of view, I _______ (not think) Tom is the sort of boy to change his mind easily.
32. When Mr. Brown died at 90, two rooms of his house ________ (be) full of nibbled, yellowing newspapers.
33. An important issue is whether doctors are justified in ________ (tell) these white lies to benefit the patients.
34. Look! The light of his office is still on. The manager must ________ (be) in his office now.
35. Most schools in England take football seriously --- much ________ (serious) than nearly all other European schools.
36. My mother ________ (go) to the post office before she went to the supermarket to do her shopping.
37. In yesterday's TV news, the president ________ (not specify) the date for his visit to France.
38. Soon after that, labor markets became very tight and money wages rose ________ (rapid).
39. When I returned home last evening, he had already fallen asleep. He must ________ (take) sleeping pills.
40. —Has he finished white-washing the fence?
—I ________ (not think)so because I saw him working at it two minutes ago.
41. Our apartment is too big. Let's rent a ________ (small) one to save some money.
42. The post office is a ________ (stone) throw away from the supermarket.
43. Steve is widely ________ (acclaim) his outstanding contributions to the music world.
44. The world population is ________ (explode) at an incredible rate. We should do something to help reduce it.
45. Let’s have dinner together on New Year’s Eve, ________ (we)?
46. She had done the work before you arrived, ________(she) ?
47. The project ________ (which) they have been working for two years is a total failure.
48. Do you know the longest river in the world? Yes, it’s ________ (Nile).

三、改错题(本大题共1 2小题,每小题1分,共1 2分)
 Correct one error in each of the following sentences.

49. Tom stayed in the hospital for three weeks after he was injured in the accident.
50. If only my wife stops her constant complaining.
51. Because of terrible air pollution, this city is no longer a good place to be lived in.
52. Technically speaking, identity cards may be counterfeited.
53. Such a good chance should never be let it slip. You should grasp it.
54. The student is interested and capable of the work his teacher has asked him to do.
55. I think he is honest because he told the police all what he knew.
56. Yao Ming is very tall, that I will never be.
57. Hardly did she return to her office when the phone started to ring.
58. Obviously speaking, he is not capable of dealing with the complaints from the customers.
59. Every drop of tears, every moan out of pain and every cry for help were like knife cutting
 deep into my heart.
60. —Do you think Susan will pass the math exam which is to be held next week?
   —Probably won't.

四、改写句子(本大题共12小题,每小题2分,共24分)
 Rewrite the following sentences as required.

61. Reinforcing the negation in the following sentence:
 There can be no doubt about it.
62. Adding a suitable tag to the following statement:
 Few of them realized it was a hoax.
63. Using a non-finite verb form in the following sentence:
 The chairman threatened that he would resign if his policies were not adopted.
64. Combining the two sentences by using a subordinate clause:
 They told me that she stole the money. It turned out to be true.
65. Combining the two sentences by using a relative clause:
 This is the article. They were quoting from the article.
66. Using a disjunct in the following sentence:
 It is quite obvious that he does not want to go with us.
67. Using an adjunct in the following sentence:
 From an artistic point of view, the film was a great success.
68. Using passive voice in the following sentence:
 Didn't they tell you to be here by eight o'clock?
69. Using extraposition in the following sentence:
 She considers that I didn't consult her quite outrageous.
70. Using a cleft sentence:
 President Kennedy's 1961 White House Conference on Aging first focused the nation’s attention on the concerns of old people.
71. Using inversion in the following sentence:
 I only realized what trouble he was in when I heard his voice trembling.
72. Combining the two sentences by using a cohesive device:
 Oklahoma became a state in 1907. New .Mexico became a state in 1912.

五、简答题(本大题共2小题,每小题4分,共8分)
 Answer the following questions.

73. What kinds of determiners are mutually exclusive and what are not mutually exclusive?
 Give one example for each.
74. What is the difference between the infinitive marker to and the preposition to? Give one example for each.