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2014年4月全国自考“高级英语”试题

2014-06-21 08:24:39  来源:北京自考热线

选择题部分

注意事项:
    1.答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。
2.每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。
 
本试卷共8页,满分100分;考试时间150分钟,全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目外),并将答案写在答题纸的相应位置上,否则不计分。
I. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet.  (15 points, 1 point for each)
1. With his last ______ , he murmured the name of the person who murdered him.
    A. gasp                                           B. choke
    C. exhale                                         D. respiration
2. The teenager’s ______ of the pop star worried her parents.
    A. applause                                       B. compliment
    C. adulation                                       D. recommendation
3. The adventurous mission ______ his spirits.
    A. exalted                                      B. inspired
    C. gladdened                                    D. exhilarated
4. The girl made one last ______ to her father for permission to go to the party.
 
     A. appeal                                     B. pray
     C. suggestion                                     D. attraction
5. Working with one’s head causes a sensation of hunger quite as much as ______ work.
     A. futile                                         B. muscular
     C. diligent                                     D. aggressive
6. He asked how committed the leadership was to ______ its people from poverty.
     A. delivering                                     B. liberating
     C. dismissing                                     D. compelling
 7. The judge told him to ______ from threatening his wife.
     A. desist                                       B. persist
     C. denounce                                     D. persevere
 8. The conservation group was ______ in its opposition to the new airport.
     A. rough                                      B. troublesome
     C. tenacious                                      D. uninterrupted
9. The terrorists entered the building ______ as medical workers.
      A. disguising                                   B. distorting
      C. disordering                                  D. distinguishing
10. It seemed impossible that these ______ boats could survive in such a storm.
     A. frail                                      B. fragile
     C. wailful                                     D. delicate
11. His arrival ______ new life and energy into the team.
     A. drenched                                   B. animated
     C. infused                                    D. saturated
12. The government is ready to ______ houses to the homeless in that area.
      A. locate                                      B. allot
      C. donate                                      D. divide
13. He asked me to look at both sides of a case before making a(n) ______ decision.
      A. brutal                                   B. rational
      C. absurd                                   D. courteous
14. She ______ the mark on the wall for ages, but it wouldn’t come off.
     A. scrubbed                                   B. brushed
     C. swept                                      D. removed
15. Some fresh fruits are highly ______ and should be kept in cool places.
     A. perishable                                     B. eligible
     C. permissible                                   D. affordable
Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items II, IV, V.
(1) A rift is growing between government and higher education, with debates over funding, missions and accountability.
(2) In that context, it is all the more worth watching Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels, who assumes the presidency of Purdue University on January 14. Other governors have become college presidents. Some, like Tom Kean, have been very successful. However, Daniels—who brings to the job an unusual blend of leadership experiences in government at the state and national level, public policy, business, and now academe—is coming to office at a time of unusual tension.
(3) Governors increasingly characterize the rising costs of higher education and its limited access as unsustainable. Many find it imperative that universities increase their productivity, affordability, access, graduation rates, and accountability. In contrast, university presidents say that quality, not cost, is the real issue in an era in which excellence in higher education is more urgent than ever before in history. The question, academic leaders say, should not be the price of college, but who pays, criticizing government for disinvesting in higher education. Bottom line: Between the governors and the presidents, there is increasingly little if any common ground other than recognizing the importance of higher education. They have entirely different views of the problem, no agreement on responsibility, and nothing in the way of a shared solution.
(4) In his first public action as president of Purdue, Daniels has bridged the chasm with a salary package that incorporates the goals of both the governors and the presidents. He did this in two ways. The first was conciliatory, eliminating the red flag that sets off both government and the academy: He rejected presidential salary inflation.  His salary package is smaller than his predecessor’s, placing him tenth among the 12 Big Ten university presidents in terms of salary. There is no deferred compensation.
(5) Second, and more importantly in terms of national models, is that Governor Daniels asked for a salary based upon achieving his goals for the university. The package is divided into two buckets—base salary and bonus. The bonus is tied to graduation rates, affordability, student achievement, philanthropic support, faculty excellence, and strategic program initiatives. In establishing this bonus system, Daniels married traditional notions of academic quality—as measured by excellence in faculty, programs and resources—with an equal emphasis on effective outcomes and price controls: graduation rates, affordability, and student achievement.
(6) In so doing, Daniels has demonstrated his belief that there is common ground to be found between the university and government. The choice is not quality or effectiveness, not excellence or affordability; the future of higher education is not a zero-sum game in which one side wins and the other loses. Rather, he believes it is possible to balance the seemingly conflicting goals of government and higher education.
(7) Daniels is not the first president to have his salary tied to achieving institutional goals, but he is probably the most visible. Moreover, although Daniels is renouncing involvement in partisan politics as he enters the Purdue presidency, he is a former Republican governor and party leader known as a frugal fiscal conservative. Historically, the divisions have been greater between Republicans and the academy than has been the case with Democrats. In a very real sense, what Daniels has chosen to do is somewhat akin to Nixon going to China. He has undertaken an experiment to be closely watched. If successful, he will have established a potential model for the country.
(8) Typically, presidents reserve such powerful statements for their inaugural addresses. Though such addresses are sincere in intent—I can vouch for that, as someone who has given two and listened to many more—they are generally aspirational; they articulate hopes and dreams for what an institution can become. Daniels has already done something very different. He is putting himself on the line in a very public fashion. Year after year his salary will be determined by his success. And perhaps even more importantly, his success or failure will be public when his board announces the size and rationale for his bonus.
(9) It’s a bold step—and Governor Daniels should be applauded for taking it.
II. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each)
16.  The word “rift” in Paragraph 1 means ______
      A. gap                                       B. dilemma
      C. pain                                       D. headache
17. As to higher education, the government is more and more concerned about ______.
      A. costs and productivity                  B. accountability
      C. costs and access                              D. graduation rates
18. Which of the following statements is true about Daniels’ salary package?
      A. He applies for salary inflation.
      B. The salary should be more than bonus.
      C. The salary should be based on his achievement.
      D. His salary package is the smallest among university presidents.
19.  The word “married” in Paragraph 5 means ______
      A. melted                                   B. combined
      C. arranged                                  D. acknowledged
20. According to the author, the future of higher education is not a zero-sum game because______.
      A. neither government nor higher education can win
      B. higher education can achieve both quality and effectiveness
      C. excellence can only be attained at the cost of affordability
      D. government and higher education can never reach agreement
21. Nixon’s visit to China is mentioned______.
      A. to highlight Daniels’ pioneering work
      B. to extol Nixon’s contribution to the country
      C. to point out the division between Republicans and Democrats
      D. to show the importance of the relationship between the two nations
22.  The word “articulate” in Paragraph 8 means ______.
      A. design                                     B. cultivate
      C. foster                                      D. express
23. It can be inferred from Paragraph 8 that the author is probably ______.
 
      A. a farmer                                    B. a freelancer
      C. a company employee                   D. a president of an organization
24.  The author’s attitude towards Daniels’ reformation is ______.
      A. expectant                                  B. indifferent
      C. negative                                    D. critical
25. Which of the following is most appropriate as a title for this passage?
      A. A Hard Time                                 B. A Loyal President
      C. A Powerful Statement                  D. A Promising Industry
 

    非选择题部分

注意事项:
用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。
 
III. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences
    and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for
    each blank only.  (25 points, 1 point for each)
Between Elvis and Alice, rock critics say, a number of rock stars have helped our society  26   its beliefs and attitudes. Bob Dylan touched a   27   of disaffection. He spoke of
  28  rights, nuclear fallout, and loneliness. He spoke of change and of the bewilderment of an
  29   generation. “Something’s   30   here,” he sang. “You don’t know what it is, do you, Mr. Jones?”
The figures are photocopied and distributed throughout the company to all the people and departments whose work is related to selling. The result of this photocopying and distributing is that there is almost continuous public   31   and discussion   32   the company of how well or   33   the salesmen in each sales office of each   34   of the company are doing at any
  35   time.
We do not need a Freudian to tell us that this disharmony is often of a sexual nature. So long as such disharmonies   36   to exist, so long as there is good reason for sullen   37  ,so long as human beings allow   38   to be possessed and   39   by monomaniacal   40  , the cult of beauty is destined to be ineffectual.
She stood among the   41   crowd in the station at the North Wall. He held her hand and she
  42   that he was speaking to her, saying something about the passage over and over again. The station was full of soldiers with brown   43  . Through the wide doors of the sheds she caught a
  44   of the black mass of the boat, lying in beside the quay wall, with   45   portholes. She
answered nothing.
Discussing the question, some time ago, with an old friend, she gave me her never-failing   46   for sleeplessness, which was to   47   herself performing some   48   action over and over again, umil, her mind becoming   49   with the monotony of life, sleep drew the   50  .
 
A.Continue  B.trivial  C.scrutiny  D.nerve  E.disgusted
 F.glimpse  G civil  H.remedy  I.poorly  J.vices
 K.throughout  L.knew  M.define  N.boredom  O.given
 P.imagine  Q.happening  R.hagridden  S.swaying  T.baggages
 U.illumined  V.division  W.themselves  X.older  Y.curtain
IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)
51. Between the governors and the presidents, there is increasingly little if any common ground other than recognizing the importance of higher education.
52. In his first public action as president of Purdue, Daniels has bridged the chasm with a salary package that incorporates the goals of both the governors and the presidents.
53. Rather, he believes it is possible to balance the seemingly conflicting goals of government and higher education.
54. Historically, the divisions have been greater between Republicans and the academy than has been the case with Democrats.
55. It’s a bold step—and Governor Daniels should be applauded for taking it.
 
 
V. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answer on the Answer Sheet. (10 points)
56. How can universities improve education quality?
VI. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points each for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62)
5 7.但是直到那时,我们仍需要更多的女性从政,因为我们可以做出特殊的贡献。
58.就算他死了,她可能几个星期都不会注意到;她根本就不在意。
59.她吸引我,因为她就像我从来没有亲自遇到过的那种人。
60.埃斯一把车开上通向他家的大道,就打开了收音机。
61.商人有几种:批发商,接着是零售商,代理商等等。结果原本可以食用的产品,经过运输,成了枯萎的叶子和干瘪的块茎。
62.一个通过与顾客的紧密关系提供价值的公司可以同顾客建立一种类似好邻居一样的联系。顾客紧密型公司并不提供市场所需,而是满足特定顾客的需求。顾客紧密型公司致力于了解服务对象和他们所需的产品和服务。它以合理的价格为顾客量身定制产品和服务。